Iodine is a mineral which helps to regulate thyroid function. A deficiency in this hormone can cause health complications relating to the cardiovascular system, hair skin and nails, metabolism, hormone production, nervous system and immune system. Approximately 30% of dietary Iodine is absorbed into the bloodstream, via the stomach, and is sent to the thyroid as this gland requires it for self regulation and hormone production. It is approximated that about 75mcg of Iodine is utilized daily for the production of thyroid hormones (T3 and T4). Excess amounts are sent to the kidneys for filtering and eliminated via the urine. Iodine should ideally be consumed regularly as it is not held in the body or stored for long periods of time.
The recommended daily intakes for Iodine are between 90mcg and 150mcg. Obviously if you are deficient in this important mineral you may take higher amounts. Iodine is a mineral which means that it will slowly build up its levels in the body overtime.
Iodine stimulates the thyroid to produce thyroid hormones. TSH is produced by the pituitary gland and this hormone signals the thyroid gland to make and release the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). If TSH levels are high it may be due to a feedback system that reads the T3 and T4 levels as being low and tells the Pituitary Gland to produce more TSH due to a deficiency of thyroid hormones. Taking supplemental Iodine may be of benefit to raise thyroid hormone production by stimulating the thyroid to produce them as well as helping feedback to the Pituitary and Hypothalamus glands to better regulate the blood levels of these hormones. A blood test reading of high thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH ) levels is generally indicative of an underactive thyroid gland which may be due to thyroid dysfunction (thyroiditis, Hashimotos Disease, thyroid removal).
The following are a list of foods which contain Iodine (approx. mcg of Iodine per 100 grams)