Menopause is that time in a women’s life when a series of hormonal changes brings the menstrual cycle to a conclusion. Ovulation no longer occurs and menstrual periods cease. There is a permanent shift from cyclic fertility to constant infertility.
A women’s body generally goes through a physiological transition over the course of several years as menopause approaches. Hormonal changes signalling the beginning of the perimenopausal period often begins in a women’s mid forties and may extend over a period of several years. The length of this hormonal transition can vary because each women’s physiology and fertility pattern is different. Such variables are race, hereditary, health status, diet and level of physical activity may influence the way the women experiences menopause, just as these variables might directly or indirectly affect menarche menstrual cycle and fertility in general.